The name Gibraltar is the Spanish derivation of the Arabic name Jabal a name of Phoenician origin and one of the Pillars of Hercules. Llanito · Disputed status of Gibraltar · Gibraltarians · Fabian Picardo. A strait connecting the Mediterranean to the Atlantic between Gibraltar and (land territory): Mons Calpe (former name); (strait): Strait of Gibraltar, Straits of. A Genoese community has existed in Gibraltar since the 16th century and later became an . The most notable dish of Genoese origin (in spite of its Spanish name) is Gibraltar's national dish, calentita. It is a chickpea flour-based flatbread. Retrieved 17 October Cricket enjoys popularity in Gibraltar. The territory's area measures only 6. Gibraltar's top-level domain code is. As is the case in much territory with a history of British influence, Gibraltar offers free and compulsory education for citizens aged 5 to In January , the Ministry of Defence announced that the private company Serco would provide services to the base. Most of the Rock's upper area is covered by a nature reserve which is home to around Barbary macaques , the famous "apes" of Gibraltar, which are actually monkeys. In May , one of the ships involved in the patrol, the destroyer HMS Hunter , hit a Nationalist mine and had to be towed back to Gibraltar with eight of her crew dead. Sabir Itanglese Lunfardo Llanito. Other mammals found in Gibraltar include rabbits, foxes and bats. However, because of the varied mix of ethnic groups which reside there, other languages are also spoken on the Rock. Neanderthals of Gibraltar Timeline sieges Pillars of Hercules First Siege of Gibraltar Battle of Gibraltar Capture of Gibraltar George Rooke Treaty of Utrecht Thirteenth Siege of Gibraltar Great Siege George Augustus Eliott Gibraltar real currency World War II Nationality Genoese in Gibraltar Maltese in Gibraltar Explosion of the RFA Bedenham Operation Flavius Death on the Rock Aurora incident New Flame incident Fedra incident.